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Japan has decided to build the world’s largest offshore wind farm to replace the crippled nuke plant at Fukushima, reports The Hindu.

The plant was destroyed in the 2011 earthquake and tsunami.

The country plans to build a total of 143 wind turbines on platforms 16 kilometres off the coast of Fukushima by 2020. The wind farm will generate 1 gigawatt of power once completed, and is part of a national plan to increase renewable energy resources following the post-tsunami shutdown of the country’s 54 nuclear reactors. Only two have since come back on-line, the New Scientist reported.

The wind farm will surpass the 504 megawatts generated by the 140 turbines at the Greater Gabbard farm off the coast of Suffolk, UK - currently the world’s largest farm.

The project is part of Fukushima’s plan to become completely energy self-sufficient by 2040, using renewable sources alone. The prefecture is also set to build the country’s biggest solar park.

Project manager Takeshi Ishihara of the University of Tokyo insists that the area’s seismic activity won’t be an issue for the turbines. His team has carried out computer simulations and water tank test to verify the safety of the turbines not just in the event of an earthquake or tsunami but also in other extreme conditions such as typhoons.

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